See the chaotic scenes as Kenya elects new president Uhuru Kenyatta in the background.
Kenya’s leader Uhuru Kenyatta had pledged to run the country through an inclusive government – with the ultimate goal of “empowering the poor and the vulnerable”.
But on Thursday, he lost a high court bid to hold an early election, a development that some feared would lead to violent protests against him and his supporters.
The court agreed with opposition leader and former finance minister Uhuru Kenyatta that the presidential election should take place by December 18.
A date has not yet been set for the polls.
A senior opposition figure claimed to be in contact with the election commission, and urged Kenyans to boycott the polls.
“We demand an immediate stop to the current campaign,” said Musalia Mudavadi, leader of the opposition MCA party and a former governor of the southern coast state of Kenya.
“We implore the people to make arrangements in different ways to boycott the elections. We are ready to do that in a peaceful manner.”
Kenya was already holding an election last year.
It was widely viewed as a fraudulent contest and its result was marred by allegations of vote-rigging and violence.
The current crisis has threatened to damage relations between the world’s oldest independent state and its western allies.
Kenya has been a key contributor to international peacekeeping missions, such as UN peacekeeping forces and the African Union mission in Somalia, and has been a member of the International Criminal Court.
But its peace-keeping record has been called into question by allegations of sexual violence and use of child soldiers.
It was also suspended by the international donors that help to fund the country’s anti-malaria drug against an outbreak of Ebola.
An alleged vote-rigging scandal marred the March election which was widely believed to be fraudulent.
In the end, the court found that Kenyatta should stay out of power by December to allow the electoral process to continue to be overseen by a new electoral commission and the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission.
“The judge has decided that the election needs to take place on December 18, as planned by the (IEC) but the court also ruled that a stay needs to be granted on the court’s determination that the election cannot take place on that date,” an IEC spokesman told AFP.